Dementia in Seniors

Dementia is a collective term used to describe a group of symptoms affecting cognitive ability, memory, thinking, and behavior. It is not a specific disease but rather a syndrome caused by various conditions that damage brain cells. Dementia is more commonly seen in older individuals and progressively impairs their daily functioning. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for dementia is crucial for the well-being of affected individuals and their caregivers.
senior man sitting and thinking with a cane while struggling with memory issues from dementia in seniors

What Are Common Causes of Dementia?

The causes of dementia are diverse and can include neurodegenerative diseases such as:
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Vascular disorders (e.g., stroke)
  • Lewy body dementia
  • Frontotemporal disorders
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Traumatic brain injuries
  • Infections like HIV or Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
woman with memory issues suffering from senior dementia

Symptoms of Dementia in Seniors

The symptoms of dementia can manifest differently in each individual but generally include:
  • Memory loss: Difficulty recalling recent events, forgetting names or places, or repeating questions.
  • Impaired communication and language: Struggling to find the right words, significant changes in the ability to speak or write coherently.
  • Difficulties with focus and concentration: Struggling to complete tasks, getting easily distracted, and experiencing decreased decision-making abilities.
  • Confusion and disorientation: Becoming disoriented in familiar surroundings, losing track of time, and having difficulty recognizing people.
  • Impaired problem-solving and reasoning: Struggling with mathematical calculations, managing finances, or making decisions.
  • Changes in mood and behavior: Exhibiting feelings of depression, anxiety, irritability, and becoming more agitated or aggressive.
  • Decline in motor function: Experiencing difficulties with coordination, balance, and fine motor skills.

Dementia Treatment Options

While there is currently no cure for most types of dementia, various approaches can help manage the symptoms and enhance the quality of life for affected individuals. Treatment options include the following.


Cholinesterase inhibitors help increase levels of neurotransmitters involved in memory and cognitive function, such as acetylcholine. Memantine is also a medication regulates glutamate, a neurotransmitter involved in learning and memory.

Non-Drug Approaches

It is recommended to engage in activities that challenge and stimulate the brain, such as puzzles, reading, or social interactions. Regular exercise has shown positive effects on reducing cognitive decline and improving overall well-being. Additionally, it is important to make adaptations to the living space to enhance safety and reduce confusion, such as labeling items or establishing routines.

Supportive Therapies

Occupational therapy helps by assisting individuals in developing strategies to manage daily activities and maintain independence. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can help individuals cope with cognitive changes, manage their emotions, and adapt to their condition.

Treatment for Dementia in Primary Care

Empower your journey toward cognitive well-being with Greater Good Health’s innovative approach to treatment for dementia in senior primary care. Our team understands the unique challenges faced by individuals and their families dealing with dementia. Contact Greater Good Health today, and let us guide you towards a brighter, more supportive future where every moment matters.
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Our Dementia Treatment Services

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