High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) in Seniors

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it is estimated that nearly 50 percent of adults in the United States have high blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension. Uncontrolled high blood pressure puts individuals at risk for debilitating chronic conditions such as heart disease, stroke, and chronic kidney disease. Unfortunately, most people with hypertension are unaware they have high blood pressure since the condition does not produce symptoms until significant damage to vital organs have occurred.

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, refers to a medical condition in which the force of blood against the artery walls is consistently too high. Blood pressure is measured using two numbers: systolic pressure, which represents the force when the heart contracts, and diastolic pressure, which represents the force when the heart is at rest. Normal blood pressure is generally around 120/80 mmHg. However, excessive, or sustained elevation of blood pressure can lead to various health complications, especially chronic conditions in seniors.

Common Causes of Hypertension

Several factors can contribute to the development of hypertension, including:
  • Lifestyle Choices: Poor dietary habits, excessive salt intake, obesity, physical inactivity, excessive alcohol consumption, not getting enough sleep, and smoking can increase the risk of developing hypertension.
  • Genetics: A family history of hypertension increases the likelihood of its occurrence. Genetic factors may influence how the body regulates hormones and maintains blood vessel health.
  • Age and Gender: The risk of developing hypertension tends to increase with age. Men are at a higher risk until the age of 64, while women become more prone to hypertension after menopause.
  • Chronic Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as chronic kidney disease, diabetes, sleep apnea, and hormonal disorders, can contribute to the development of hypertension.

Associated Symptoms of Hypertension

Most individuals who have high blood pressure do not experience any noticeable symptoms until significant damage is done to their circulatory system. Some individuals may experience headaches, shortness of breath, nosebleeds, or dizziness. However, these symptoms are not specific to hypertension and can be associated with other underlying health issues.

How Can Hypertension be Diagnosed?

A diagnosis of high blood pressure is made during regular checkups with in senior primary care. Diagnosing hypertension could include the following.


Blood Pressure Measurement

The primary method for diagnosing hypertension is to measure a person's blood pressure using a sphygmomanometer or automated blood pressure monitor.


Multiple Readings

Hypertension is typically confirmed based on multiple blood pressure readings taken on different occasions. Consistent high readings are indicative of the condition.

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring

In some cases, a patient may be recommended for 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, which provides continuous readings over an extended period to evaluate blood pressure patterns.

Treatment Options for Hypertension

Initially, your senior healthcare team may recommend lifestyle modifications to help lower your blood pressure. They may also recommend effective medications for seniors.

Lifestyle Modifications

Your providers may recommend maintaining a healthy diet that consists of fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains and lean meats and dairy. Getting regular physical exercise, such as brisk walking 30 minutes a day 5 days a week, is also important. Losing weight, stopping smoking, limiting alcohol intake and getting 7-8 hours of quality sleep are usually recommended.


Your healthcare provider may prescribe medications to help lower your blood pressure. There are many medications to help lower blood pressure including diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), calcium channel blockers, and renin inhibitors. Your healthcare provider will determine which medications are the best choice for you.

Treatment for Hypertension in Seniors at Greater Good

At Greater Good, we understand the unique healthcare needs of our senior community, and we are committed to providing the best treatment for hypertension. We additionally offer preventive care for seniors and chronic condition mangement. Join us in taking a proactive step towards managing hypertension and improving your quality of life.
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Our Services for Hypertension in Seniors

Explore our treatment services for hypertension in seniors. We offer comprehensive, tailored care that begins with accurate diagnosis and extends to personalized treatment plans.